(Reporter Li Xubing) On April 10, Henan Cancer Center, Henan Cancer Hospital, and Provincial Cancer Prevention and Treatment Office jointly released the Henan Cancer Registration Annual Report 2015 (hereinafter referred to as Annual Report), which systematically reported me Relevant data on tumor incidence and death among provincial residents. Statistics show that the incidence of tumors in our province is slightly lower than the national level, but it is still in a high level. About 6 people are diagnosed with new malignant tumors every minute.
Since the beginning of the 21st century, lung cancer has ranked first in the incidence and death of residents in China. As a respiratory disease, experts believe that the rapid increase in the incidence of lung cancer is closely related to factors such as air pollution and smoking.
Data Annual Report data survey shows that the incidence of lung cancer in men is 62.10 / 10 million, and that of women is 35.73 / 10 million; the incidence and mortality of lung cancer in men are almost twice that of women. Investigating the reasons, Ma Zhiyong, director of the Henan Provincial Lung Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment Center and deputy director of the Department of Oncology of the Provincial Cancer Hospital, introduced that this aspect is related to men s more social activities and greater occupational exposure threats. Related to bad habits.
Compared with the relevant data in the annual report, it can be found that the incidence of gastric cancer and esophageal cancer in rural areas is higher than that in urban areas, in addition to liver cancer. In contrast, breast cancer, colorectal cancer, and prostate cancer are more common in urban areas than in rural areas.
Why is there such a difference? Experts said that in general, gastric cancer and esophageal cancer associated with chronic chronic infections mostly occur in economically underdeveloped areas. These places often have harsh natural environments, poor nutritional conditions, low health standards, and poor living habits .
However, the incidence of colorectal cancer and breast cancer is higher in urban areas than in rural areas. Experts believe that this is related to the perennial high-fat diet of the urban population, lack of dietary fiber intake, sedentary movement, lack of regular bowel movements, or habitual constipation.