With the increase of age, the digestive system function of the human body is gradually diminishing, and the absorption capacity of nutrients is weakening. Especially after entering old age, the physiological functions of the digestive organs are obviously degraded, and the digestive and absorption functions are obviously weakened. In this case, indigestion is prone to occur. On average, one in four elderly people suffer from indigestion.
First, the gums of older people shrink. The teeth fall off due to long-term wear and tear, making chewing difficult, which causes food to be swallowed into the stomach without being chewed and crushed, thereby increasing the burden on the stomach.
Second, the digestive tract mucosa and glands of the elderly are shrinking. The atrophy of the oral mucosa makes the taste dull, leading the elderly to eat some thick foods that are difficult to digest; the atrophy of the salivary glands causes the daily secretion of saliva to be reduced to one third of the young; the secretion of gastric juice is reduced to one fifth of the young. Not only does the digestive enzyme content of the elderly decrease, but its activity is also significantly reduced, liver and gallbladder function is reduced, pancreatic enzyme secretion and activity are reduced, and bile secretion is reduced. Trypsin can help protein, fat, and starch to digest and absorb. Bile can help emulsify the most difficult to digest and absorb fatty substances, and promote the decomposition and utilization of food by pancreatic lipase. The reduction of trypsin and bile has greatly reduced the ability of the stomach to digest food, so it can cause indigestion.
Furthermore, the gastrointestinal smooth muscle fibers atrophy, weakened elasticity, slow expansion of the gastrointestinal tract, and slow and weak peristalsis of the gastrointestinal tract, which weakens the mechanical digestive capacity of the elderly. Studies have shown that in patients with non-ulcerative dyspepsia , more than half of elderly patients have delayed gastric emptying or disorders.
For the elderly s indigestion, the diet also needs corresponding countermeasures. The daily diet should be based on light, digestible and nutritious food:
1. Light food: The elderly should eat a light diet, mainly vegetarian food, eat fish as the main food, and the elderly with reduced taste like to eat heavy food, which is not desirable.
2, non-digestible food: avoid long-term consumption of glutinous rice, hard and greasy food, avoid flatulence and difficult to digest food, such as dried beans, onions, potatoes, potatoes and sweets. Should be properly controlled so as not to affect the movement of the stomach.
Because most of the elderly s indigestion are chronic diseases, the spleen and stomach are relatively weak, so deliberate tonic is not recommended. Excessive tonic is likely to hinder the stomach and spleen, which will increase the burden on the spleen and stomach. Therefore , diet control is particularly important when entering the elderly.
Indigestion will affect the nutritional absorption of the elderly body, which in turn affects physical health, and the quality of life will also decline. Therefore, the elderly s stomach needs more careful care. If there are symptoms of discomfort, you should seek medical treatment in time to avoid delaying the illness and let the old people live a high-quality old age!