Porridge is one of the traditional dietetic foods in China, and it is also a kind of salty food for young and old. There are many types of porridge. For people of different ages and occupations, drinking porridge should have different emphasis.
Elderly and children whose digestive system is not fully developed, due to weak digestion and absorption, eating too much coarse grains will increase gastrointestinal burden. For this group of people, millet, yellow rice, brown rice and other easily digestible coarse grains can be selected . When cooking, the porridge should be cooked soft and sticky to facilitate digestion and absorption. In addition, porridge with yam, lotus seeds, pumpkin and other easily digestible ingredients is also very good.
People with more physical labor and growing adolescents have a greater demand for nutrients such as protein. In addition to choosing high-protein cereals such as oatmeal for porridge, you can also add peanut seeds, crushed walnuts, and nut seeds such as sunflower seeds. Not only can supplement nutrition, but also make the aroma of porridge stronger. This kind of people can also add lean meat when porridge, but be sure to put less salt.
Many adults, especially male compatriots, face weight gain problems when they reach middle age. Sitting in the office for a long period of time has a small amount of activity, it is easy to accumulate fat, and it is unavoidable to drink alcohol for entertainment , which is not good for liver and gastrointestinal function. For this kind of people, you can add miscellaneous beans (such as red beans, mung beans) and vegetables to the porridge to increase the intake of dietary fiber, which is beneficial to the metabolism of fat and cholesterol, and can also keep blood sugar stable.
Related According to relevant surveys, 1/6 of women of childbearing age have iron deficiency problems. Animal food is a good source of heme iron, so this group of people can add pork liver or lean meat when porridge.
Office people often face computers, can add some eye-protection food in the porridge, such as dark yellow rice, millet, black rice, purple rice, wolfberry, carrots and so on. The carotenoids contained in dark ingredients such as yellow rice and millet can be converted into vitamin A in the human body, which is good for eye health, while black rice and purple rice contains a lot of anthocyanins, which can resist eye aging.
15g longan meat, 100-200g corn. Wash the longan meat and cook with corn. First boil it with martial arts, then boil it with gentle flames. The longan flavour is sweet and warm, can nourish the heart and spleen, nourish blood and soothe the nerves. Walnut porridge: 20 grams of walnut meat, 100-200 grams of japonica rice. Wash and mash the walnut meat and cook porridge with the same rice, which can nourish the lungs and cough, nourish the kidney and solidify the essence , and nourish the bowel. However, those with phlegm, heat or diarrhea should not eat.
15-30 grams of yam, 50 grams of chestnuts, 2-4 dates, 100 grams of japonica rice. After the chestnuts are removed from the shell, they are cooked into porridge with yam, jujube, and rice. The yam-flavored Ganping can replenish the spleen and stomach, benefit the lungs and kidneys, and is especially suitable for those with spleen and kidney qi deficiency; Suitable for middle-aged and elderly people. The yam-flavored Ganping can replenish the spleen and stomach, benefit the lungs and kidneys, and is especially suitable for those with spleen and kidney qi deficiency; Ginger jujube porridge: 6-9 grams of fresh or dried ginger, 100-150 grams of japonica or glutinous rice, and 2-4 jujubes. Wash and chop ginger , and cook with rice and jujube to make porridge. It has the effects of warming the stomach and dispersing cold, warming the lungs and reducing phlegm, but those with yin deficiency or pregnant women should take it with caution.
50 50 grams of fresh carrots and 200 grams of japonica rice. Cut the carrots into small pieces and cook with the rice. First boil it with martial arts, and then slowly boil it with gentle flames. It has the effect of strengthening the stomach and nourishing the spleen and helping digestion.
Baked chicken 200 grams, 2 preserved eggs, 200-300 grams of japonica rice, ginger, spring onion, salt and other spices. First cut the chicken into small pieces, add water to a thick sauce, and cook the thick sauce with the rice . When the porridge is ready, add the chopped preserved eggs and the cooked chicken, and add the right amount of condiments. It has the effects of nourishing qi and blood, nourishing the five internal organs, appetizing and promoting fluids, and is suitable for those who have lost qi and blood.