Our children live in the haze all day, there is no blue sky and no white clouds, and even their health is seriously affected. As parents, what can we do for them? Controlling smog is not something that can be done by anyone alone, or overnight, but we can start from where we can and minimize the damage of smog to children. For example, in haze days, take your child out as little as possible, and wear a mask when you go out. In addition to these, we can also start with diet to improve children s immunity.
The frightening aspect of haze is that viruses, bacteria, and toxic and harmful substances will attach to the haze and enter the body through the respiratory tract. The body causes oxidative damage and infection, resulting in an increased incidence of respiratory tract. Generally, particles larger than PM10 in diameter will be blocked by the nose hair and the respiratory tract and will not reach the lungs, but PM2.5 particles can enter the deep part of the respiratory tract and even deposit in the alveoli, causing potential harm to the body .
Mist and haze can cause damage to the body, may cause oxidative damage to the body, weaken the immune system, and make it easier to get sick. The World Health Organization s International Agency for Research on Cancer has issued a report identifying air pollution as a human carcinogen for the first time, and regards it as a major environmental carcinogen.
Some people think that white foods such as yam, white fungus and white radish are good for removing haze from the lungs. Can food really clear the haze from the lungs? However, the hospital nutritionist said that there is no scientific proof that reveals which foods are resistant to haze, and no authority has issued that certain types of foods may be resistant to haze. Therefore, white foods such as yam, white fungus and white radish are not reliable against haze.
Dr. Wu said that although there are no special effects food to resist haze, but a reasonable combination of diet to keep the body s nutrition in the best state is conducive to maintaining the body s immunity, so as to better combat the harm of haze.
Among the nutrients, protein, iron, zinc, vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin C, etc. all play an important role in maintaining immunity. Vitamin A and vitamin D are used to maintain the immune function of the skin and mucous membranes and have anti-infective properties. Effect, lack will reduce the body s immunity, parents can let their children eat foods rich in these nutrients. To combat smog, children should pay attention to the following points:
Eat more fresh vegetables and fruits. Pay attention to choose dark green vegetables with high nutritional value, such as green leafy vegetables, which are rich in β-carotene, vitamin C, potassium, magnesium, etc. β-carotene can synthesize vitamin A , which is beneficial to increase the body s immunity and reduce the risk of respiratory infection;
I drink more milk. Milk contains not only high-quality protein, but also vitamin A, which helps the body to obtain abundant vitamin A. For children after 1 year of age, they should also eat about 400 ml of milk every day. Those who can breastfeed can continue breastfeeding, and breast milk contains a large amount of active antibodies and other immune substances;
Pay attention to meat, eggs and fish. This kind of food is rich in nutrients and contains high-quality protein, iron, zinc, vitamin B12, etc. These nutrients are very important to maintain the health and immunity of the body. Zinc can promote white blood cell reproduction and inhibit virus growth;
Eat high-quality fats. Most vegetable and fish oils are rich in unsaturated fatty acids, and vegetable oils also contain vitamin E, which has antioxidant capacity, which is also critical to health;
Later Children after 3 years of age should pay attention to supplementing vitamins A and D in the haze days. If necessary, choose a compound nutritional supplement under the guidance of a doctor or nutritionist.
The haze brings us too much thinking, and the key is to fundamentally manage the haze, but a reasonable diet may be beneficial to fight the haze, especially for children with weak resistance.