More and more friends in life have joined the obesity family. Everyone knows that obesity can cause many diseases. Let s take a look with Xiaobian.
For a long time, some people always thought that as long as they were round and fat, it meant good nutrition. In fact, obesity is not the same as good nutrition. It is caused by nutritional disorders, like weight loss. The only difference between the two is how much fat is stored in the body. Obesity is not only an excess of body fat, but also a lack of certain nutrients. For example, many obese children are often accompanied by deficiencies in trace elements such as iron and calcium , which cause a variety of nutritional deficiencies such as iron deficiency anemia and chondropathy.
In addition to the accumulation of subcutaneous fat, obese people are also full of fat in the internal organs and blood vessels throughout the body, so it is easy to cause a variety of vascular diseases, especially cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases that are serious to health and life. Relevant research data show that the incidence of hypertension in obese people is 1.5 to 3 in normal people. Furthermore, the higher the degree of obesity, the higher the incidence of hypertension, and the more obvious the increase in blood pressure. The incidence of hypertension in severely obese people is as high as 50%. On the contrary, if various weight loss measures are taken to reduce weight, blood pressure will be reduced accordingly.
Although obesity cannot be said to be the direct cause of diabetes, its evoking effect on diabetes is not to be ignored. Many data confirm that the more severe the obesity, the higher the incidence of diabetes. At present in some economically developed countries, the most common disease caused by obesity is diabetes. About one-third of adults with diabetes are obese. Almost all obese people have varying degrees of fasting blood glucose.
Excessive weight gain in obese people is an additional burden on the bones and joints, especially the spine and lower limbs. Bone, joints, and other tissues support excessive weight for a long time, as if carrying extra things every day. Over time, it will inevitably become overworked, arthritis, muscle strain or spinal nerve root compression will occur, causing pain in the waist, legs, shoulders, and back, and even joint deformation Seriously affect physical activity.
Because of the high cholesterol content in blood, the relatively high bile concentration of obese people, coupled with the pressure of abdominal fat, bile drainage disorders, are most likely to cause gallstones. At the same time, obese people are often accompanied by fatty accumulation in the liver, which can easily lead to fatty liver and cirrhosis. Obese people are prone to a variety of skin diseases such as eczema, psoriasis vulgaris, keratosis pilaris, seborrheic dermatitis, acanthosis dermatosa, atrophy of the skin, varicose veins of the lower limbs, and thrombophlebitis. In addition, people with high obesity often have mental disorders, and those with mild symptoms are distressed, and those with severe symptoms can cause sensations, movement disorders, muscle spasms and convulsions, unstable standing and walking, and even suicide .