December 22, 2014 is the winter solstice in the traditional Chinese solar terms. The arrival of the winter solstice is the beginning of 19, which means that the coldest weather of the year also comes to earth. Along with the winter solstice, cold winter diseases are even more unscrupulous. Therefore, starting from the day of the winter solstice, we must take measures to prevent disease and live a healthy winter. So, what diseases do we want to prevent?
The weather is cold, and the temperature difference between day and night is large. People spend most of their time indoors, and in winter, they are used to closing doors and windows, which leads to insufficient ventilation. Being in this condition for a long time greatly increases the incidence of respiratory infectious diseases. Influenza, in particular, is particularly vulnerable to outbreaks in collectives and other offices.
For influenza, precautions should be taken to keep warm, increase physical exercise, and minimize going to public places or places with turbid air. The elderly and the frail can consider injecting influenza vaccine for immunoprevention. Once flu-like symptoms appear, you should seek medical treatment and rest in a timely manner.
The colder weather after the winter solstice also increased the incidence of coronary heart disease. For patients with coronary heart disease, we must pay attention to preventing and treating hypertension and preventing colds. Once the blood pressure is too high or a cold, it will increase the burden on the heart and easily induce coronary heart disease. Therefore, patients with coronary heart disease should prepare emergency medicines at their side for emergency needs. You can usually take some warm Chinese medicine to help prevent blood clots and myocardial infarction, so that you can spend the winter in a healthy way.
During the winter solstice, the temperature of patients with liver cirrhosis is extremely likely to increase the chance of vomiting blood. In order to avoid this, we must first keep warm and prevent constipation. In particular, care must be taken not to subject the abdominal liver area to compression and impact, and to avoid heavy physical labor. In terms of mood, you should try to stay calm and avoid emotional fluctuations or even anger. Avoid frying, hot mouth and even irritating foods in your diet.
Once Once patients with liver cirrhosis suddenly appear dizziness, palpitation, cold sweats, cold hands and feet, etc., they must be vigilant. If vomiting does occur, don t panic, stay calm, immediately lie in bed and keep warm, and rush to the hospital.
Winter is a season that requires special attention in patients with hypertension. Most patients with hypertension are prone to high blood pressure during the winter. Therefore, pay attention to taking medication regularly and measuring blood pressure. In daily life, we must keep warm, combine work with rest, and avoid mood swings, which can cause blood pressure to rise. Eat a light and salt-free diet, eat more fruits and vegetables, and keep your stools open. If dizziness, numbness of fingers, inconvenience of movement, or blurred speech occur, attention should be paid to see a doctor immediately, as this is usually a precursor to stroke.
Patients with emphysema should pay more attention to preventing cold and keeping warm during the winter solstice to prevent colds and colds. Never smoke. Patients with chronic bronchitis and emphysema may develop pulmonary heart disease if they are not careful. Pulmonary heart disease patients have purple lips and lower limb edema. Pulmonary heart disease patients should also pay attention to the sputum, so as to avoid blocking the respiratory tract and cause secondary infections, phlegm can be used when sputum is thick, but do not use antitussives.
The winter in the north is much colder than the winter in the south, and often the temperature is only a few degrees or below zero. In such a temperature environment, frostbite is easy to develop without attention. To effectively reduce or prevent the occurrence of frostbite, first of all, cold hardening exercises should be performed to increase the cold tolerance of the human body. For areas that have had frostbite before, focus on keeping warm and damp, and avoid growing frostbite in the same location. It can properly eat warm foods such as beef and mutton, improve nutritional supply, and strengthen the body s ability to keep cold. In addition, diseases such as malnutrition, hyperhidrosis of the hands and feet, and anemia may also induce frostbite, and the primary disease should be actively controlled.